Comprehensive musicianship requires the experience of these subjects: compositional process, analysis and aural skills, and history and performance skills. It incorporates conceptual knowledge with technical skills to develop the ability to experience and communicate the musical works. Comprehensive musicianship influences the orchestra program in middle and high school, so these programs have been changed to meet the goals of Comprehensive musicianship. As a result, the programs focus on the concepts about music such as melody, harmony, form, and texture, and historical knowledge as well as performing skills so that the academic music curriculum fosters creativity and develops knowledge of musical heritage.
The National Association for Music Education’s (MENC) National Standards for Music Education were developed from the Comprehensive Musicianship through Performance model. They are standard to which music educators are supposed to teach by. They are as follows:
1. Singing, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music.
2. Performing on instruments, alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music.
3. Improvising melodies, variations, and accompaniments.
4. Composing and arranging music within specified guidelines.
5. Reading and notating music.
6. Listening to, analyzing, and describing music.
7. Evaluating music and music performances.
8. Understanding relationships between music, the other arts, and disciplines outside the arts.
9. Understanding music in relation to history and culture.